User: flenvcenter Topic: Transportation-National
Category: Alternative Fuel :: Ethanol
Last updated: Feb 14 2017 23:10 IST RSS 2.0
 
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Ohio moves forward with strategy to combat Lake Erie’s algae 14.2.2017 Seattle Times: Nation & World

TOLEDO, Ohio (AP) — Ohio’s government agencies will spend the next year looking closely at hotspots that are contributing to Lake Erie’s algae blooms and developing a monitoring network. The work is part of the state’s strategy finalized this past week to attack the algae that has become an increasing threat to drinking water. Michigan […]
Increasing the water table in agricultural peatland could hold key to reducing UK's greenhouse gas emissions 7.2.2017 Environmental News Network
The research, led by scientists from the University of Sheffield, found increasing the level below which the ground is saturated with water – known as the water table – in radish fields by 20cm not only reduced soil CO2 emissions, but also improved the growth of crops.
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African Nations and Scientists Sound Alarm Over Spread of Crop Pest 7.2.2017 Environmental News Network
Scientists and government officials are growing increasingly concerned about the rapid spread of fall armyworm — an agricultural pest known to cause major damage to staple crops such as maize — across Africa in recent months. 
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Can aquaculture save wild fish populations? 5.2.2017 GreenBiz.com
Aquaculture is growing at eight percent per year, depleting oceans. Innovators are competing to develop substitutes for fish-derived fish food.
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Genetically modified insects could disrupt international food trade 1.2.2017 Environmental News Network
Genetically modified organisms for pest control could end up as contaminants in agricultural products throughout the globe. 
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Land-use change possibly produces more Carbon Dioxide than assumed so far 31.1.2017 Environmental News Network
CO2 emissions caused by changes of land use may possibly be higher than assumed so far. This is the outcome of a study made by the team of Professor Almut Arneth of the Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT). The work presented in Nature Geoscience (DOI: 10.1038/NGEO2882) for the first time considers processes, such as slash-and–burn agriculture or different ways of managing forests and cropland. The results also imply that reforestation is important to increase the ecologically important CO2 uptake by land ecosystems.
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A Better Way to Farm Algae 31.1.2017 Environmental News Network
Scientists have long known of the potential of microalgae to aid in the production of biofuels and other valuable chemicals. However, the difficulty and significant cost of growing microalgae have in some ways stalled further development of this promising technology. Bendy Estime, a biomedical and chemical engineering Ph.D. candidate, has devoted his research to this area, and developed a new technology for energy efficient cultivation and harvesting of microalgae.Estime’s research has been published as a peer-reviewed article in Scientific Reports on Jan. 19. He and his research advisors, Distinguished Professor Radhakrishna Sureshkumar, chair of the Department of Biomedical and Chemical Engineering, and Professor Dacheng Ren, have secured a provisional patent for the technology.
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New tool helps oyster growers prepare for changing ocean chemistry 27.1.2017 Environmental News Network
For Bill Mook, coastal acidification is one thing his oyster hatchery cannot afford to ignore.Mook Sea Farm depends on seawater from the Gulf of Maine pumped into a Quonset hut-style building where tiny oysters are grown in tanks. Mook sells these tiny oysters to other oyster farmers or transfers them to his oyster farm on the Damariscotta River where they grow large enough to sell to restaurants and markets on the East Coast.The global ocean has soaked up one third of human-caused carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions since the start of the Industrial Era, increasing the CO2 and acidity of seawater. Increased seawater acidity reduces available carbonate, the building blocks used by shellfish to grow their shells. Rain washing fertilizer and other nutrients into nearshore waters can also increase ocean acidity.
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Researchers Work to Restore the Long-Lost Flavor of Tomatoes 27.1.2017 Environmental News Network
New research reveals which genes are needed to reinstate the rich, original flavor of tomatoes, now absent in many grocery shelf varieties of this fruit. The results are published in the 27 January issue of Science.
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Study Finds Parrotfish are Critical to Coral Reef Health 24.1.2017 Environmental News Network
An analysis of fossilized parrotfish teeth and sea urchin spines by researchers at Scripps Institution of Oceanography at the University of California San Diego showed that when there are more algae-eating fish on a reef, it grows faster.In the new study, published in the Jan. 23 issue of the journal Nature Communication, Scripps researchers Katie Cramer and Richard Norris developed a 3,000-year record of the abundance of parrotfish and urchins on reefs from the Caribbean side of Panama to help unravel the cause of the alarming modern-day shift from coral- to algae-dominated reefs occurring across the Caribbean.“Our reconstruction of past and present reefs from fossils demonstrates that when overfishing wipes out parrotfish, reef health declines,” said Cramer, a postdoctoral researcher at Scripps and lead author of the study.
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Many farmers still need training after Lake Erie algae 21.1.2017 Seattle Times: Top stories

TOLEDO, Ohio (AP) — Ohio’s agriculture leaders say thousands of farmers have completed training that will be required for putting fertilizer on fields, but many more face a September deadline to finish the program aimed at combating the toxic algae fouling Lake Erie. The first of its kind requirement is one of several steps Ohio […]
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Many farmers still need training after Lake Erie algae 21.1.2017 AP Business
TOLEDO, Ohio (AP) -- Ohio's agriculture leaders say thousands of farmers have completed training that will be required for putting fertilizer on fields, but many more face a September deadline to finish the program aimed at combating the toxic algae fouling Lake Erie....
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Biodiesel faces a mixed forecast as the industry gathers in San Diego 19.1.2017 LA Times: Commentary

As a new presidential administration comes into power, ambiguity reigns for the biodiesel industry.

But at the same time, the California market appears to be growing solidly for the fuel derived from a diversity of products including soybeans, canola oil and animal fats.

“We have learned to thrive...

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Race for a Better Fuel Begins with NREL Researchers 18.1.2017 Green Technology and Environmental Science News - ENN
Watching cars zoom around and around an oval track isn't Jesse Hensley's idea of a good time. Making them run on biofuel would be.
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Scientists discover perennial hybrid of wheat, wheatgrass 17.1.2017 Environmental News Network
With a hybrid crop called Salish Blue, scientists at Washington State University have combined wheat and wheatgrass in a new species with the potential to help Pacific Northwest farmers and the environment.
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Military's shift away from oil clashes with Trump's promises 14.1.2017 Technology

Military's shift away from oil clashes with Trump's promisesAt a sprawling desert base, a Marine recharged his radio's batteries simply by walking, while nearby fellow troops examined a rocket artillery system and a drone — both powered by the sun. Navy and Marine ...


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Military's shift away from oil clashes with Trump's promises 14.1.2017 AP National
TWENTYNINE PALMS, Calif. (AP) -- At a sprawling desert base, a Marine recharged his radio's batteries simply by walking, while nearby fellow troops examined a rocket artillery system and a drone - both powered by the sun....
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Military’s shift away from oil clashes with Trump’s promises 14.1.2017 Seattle Times: Nation & World

TWENTYNINE PALMS, Calif. (AP) — At a sprawling desert base, a Marine recharged his radio’s batteries simply by walking, while nearby fellow troops examined a rocket artillery system and a drone — both powered by the sun. Navy and Marine Corps brass, accompanied by green energy executives, showcased the energy-harnessing knee braces and other innovations […]
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Warmer West Coast ocean conditions linked to increased risk of toxic shellfish 11.1.2017 Climate Change News - ENN
Hazardous levels of domoic acid, a natural toxin that accumulates in shellfish, have been linked to warmer ocean conditions in waters off Oregon and Washington for the first time by a NOAA-supported research team, led by Oregon State University scientists.Domoic acid, produced by certain types of marine algae, can accumulate in shellfish, fish and other marine animals. Consuming enough of the toxin can be harmful or even fatal. Public health agencies and seafood managers closely monitor toxin levels and impose harvest closures where necessary to ensure that seafood remains safe to eat. NOAA is supporting research and new tools to help seafood industry managers stay ahead of harmful algae events that are increasing in frequency, intensity and scope.
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Warmer Oceans Could Boost The Toxins In Your Shellfish Dinner 10.1.2017 NPR Health Science
A new study finds a link between warming waters and a dangerous neurotoxin that builds up in species like Dungeness crab, clams and mussels — and harms us if we eat them.
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