User: flenvcenter Topic: Biodiversity-National
Category: Specific Organisms :: Fungi
Last updated: Sep 29 2014 21:53 IST RSS 2.0
 
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Biological Collections Are Vital to Preserving Species in the Face of Climate Change 29.9.2014 Green on HuffingtonPost.com
Among the many different resources that scientists will use to try to forestall some of the effects of climate change, the nation's treasure trove of preserved plants, animals, and microscopic organisms is undoubtedly one of the least known to most people. But these biological collections represent a very powerful tool for understanding how climate change is likely to affect life on Earth. Our nation has a rich heritage in such collections, which are held at about 1,000 scientific research institutions such as universities, natural history museums, and botanical gardens. What are in these collections? They consist of such things as the skeletons and skins of mammals, birds and reptiles; fossils, tissue samples, and fish and spiders preserved in fluid; dried plants and fungi glued to stiff paper or stored in boxes; and tiny organisms on microscope slides. Although no one knows exactly, we estimate that there are approximately one billion preserved specimens in the U.S. that have been gathered by ...
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The Ghosts of Whitebark Pine 23.9.2014 Switchboard, from NRDC
Sylvia Fallon, Senior Scientist, Washington, DC: Today, the Endangered Species Coalition released its annual Top 10 report – this year’s theme is Vanishing Wildlife:  the top 10 species our children may never see.  Among the species in their report is whitebark pine – the high-elevation pine...
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Four Ways Industrial Ag Is Destroying the Soil - and Your Health 14.9.2014 Truthout.com
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Bat disease limited to 1 mine, Wisconsin officials say 10.9.2014 Twincities.com: Local

Wisconsin wildlife officials say a deadly bat disease hasn't spread beyond a single Grant County mine.

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Deep Sea 'Mushrooms' Defy Classification In The Tree Of Life 5.9.2014 Green on HuffingtonPost.com
This is Dendrogramma enigmatica. And as its name suggests, it’s quite the enigma. In fact, the tiny, mushroom-shaped organism is so mysterious that it seems to defy just about everything we know about animals. It doesn't fit into any of the known categories in the animal kingdom, scientists say, and as of now, its links to other animal groups remain hazy. Recently, D. enigmatica was thrown into the spotlight when Jean Just, a zoologist at the Natural History Museum of Denmark in Copenhagen, discovered it among invertebrate specimens he had collected at depths of 400 and 1,000 meters in the Tasman Sea in the 1980s. According to a new study co-authored by Just and published Wednesday in the journal PLOS ONE , more than a dozen of the specimens were found to defy classification in the tree of life. They were unique. "Finding something like this is extremely rare, it's maybe only happened about four times in the last 100 years ," study co-author Jorgen Olesen, an associate professor at the University of ...
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Green research is needed for Minnesota bats and bridges 3.9.2014 MinnPost
CC/Flickr/Eli Sagor Could Minnesota's forestry industry benefit from using timber to build bridges? And would it be worth it? Minnesota is ripe for a bridge-building industry that would revive lumber production in the state, put northern Minnesota mills and mill workers back in action, and spur “green” economic investment in the state, insists a leading green economic development specialist. Lee Egerstrom Carol Coren, founder and principal with the Cornerstone Ventures group, said Minnesota is among 10 states with timber resources and forest industries that would greatly benefit from a “green” approach to repairing and replacing older bridges with wood expanses and structures. The concrete and steel industries have dominated road and bridge construction, partly as an outgrowth of the federal interstate highway system. But this ignores the green, or renewable, wood industry that is supplying bridge construction in various parts of Europe and on other continents where deferred maintenance work is using ...
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Don’t lose your lid! (the green roof argument) 2.9.2014 The Earth Times Online Newspaper - Health News
Life is changing. Now we can have a garden on our roof, but the wildlife and energy-transforming possibilities are really building up. I doubt if you’ll like some of our ideas here, but there may be some way you can imagine a green roof being of benefit and fitting in to your local landscape.
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Community Agriculture Alliance: Soil health 28.8.2014 Steamboat Pilot
Soil health — you may have heard this latest descriptor and wondered what it is. Hopefully, by now you are aware that soil is not just dirt. It’s a complicated ecosystem that takes place beneath our feet to support the environment that we see above ground. Plants often are portrayed as the one of the most important organism in our ecosystem, but without good soil, there would be no plants. So while you may not consider soil as “pretty” as a plant, I would argue that it is more important. A healthy soil consists of billions of micro-organisms and thousands of macro-organisms that all work together to better the soil. Glomalin is a micro-organism that stores carbon in its protein and carbohydrate (glucose or sugar) subunits. Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi, found living on plant roots around the world, appear to be the only producers of glomalin. The fungi use carbon from the plant to grow and make glomalin. In return, the fungi's hair-like filaments, called hyphae, extend the reach of plant roots. Hyphae ...
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As fungus kills bats, MN timber industry winces 19.8.2014 Star Tribune: Business
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The Secret Bataclysm: White Nose Syndrome and Extinction 12.8.2014 Wired Top Stories
In just 8 years, bats have gone from the most common mammal in the US to endangered species candidates.
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What Are Pesticides, and Why Do We Use Them on the Farm? 12.8.2014 Green on HuffingtonPost.com
When people talk about using chemicals on the farm, oftentimes they use the word "pesticides." To people outside agriculture, pesticides tends to be the catch-all category for any and all chemical compound we spray on our crops. And honestly, that is far from the truth. We don't have a jug labeled "pesticides" that goes on anything and everything. In agriculture we call any sort of chemical we use on the farm "crop-protection products." The truth about the crop-protection products we use on the farm is that we use specific chemicals labeled for very specific uses and at very specific amounts. I've written before that as farmers we have a choice in what seed to select. We also have a choice when it comes to what we put on our crops. It varies depending on crop, soil, crop rotation, current condition of the crop, pests, and moisture. The choices we make regarding what to spray are careful, calculated, and measured out. It is not something we do haphazardly or thoughtlessly like many websites will ...
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Deadly fungus spreads in Everglades, killing trees 26.7.2014 Seattle Times: Nation & World
A fungus is felling trees across the Everglades and the damage may be leaving Florida’s fragile wetlands open to even more of an incursion from exotic plants.
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Moose Drool Detoxifies Fungus 25.7.2014 Wildlife and Habitat Conservation News - ENN
Saliva contains important substances helps us digest food. It also plays a part in keeping our mouths clean and healthy. Another newly discovered use? Making toxic plants less toxic. Not for us of course, but according to new research, moose and reindeer saliva can help can slow the growth of a toxic grass fungus, and subsequently make it less toxic for them, allowing the animals to graze on the grass without negative effects.
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Deadly fungus spreads in Everglades, killing trees 25.7.2014 Twincities.com: Nation
MIAMI (AP) — A fungus carried by an invasive beetle from southeast Asia is felling trees across the Everglades, and experts have not found a way to stop the blight from spreading.
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Deadly fungus spreads in Everglades, killing trees 25.7.2014 AP National
MIAMI (AP) -- A fungus carried by an invasive beetle from southeast Asia is felling trees across the Everglades, and experts have not found a way to stop the blight from spreading....
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Fungus spread by exotic beetle killing Everglades trees, adding to Fla's invasive species woes 25.7.2014 Star Tribune: Nation
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Deadly fungus spreads in Everglades, killing trees 25.7.2014 Yahoo: Top Stories
MIAMI (AP) — A fungus carried by an invasive beetle from southeast Asia is felling trees across the Everglades, and experts have not found a way to stop the blight from ...
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Hints Of Hope Emerge In Deadly American Bat Plague 13.7.2014 Green on HuffingtonPost.com
This story originally appeared on Mother Nature Network. About 6 million American bats have died from white-nose syndrome since its mysterious 2006 debut, and the disease's rapid spread still threatens the survival of some species. But if scientists are right about a few little brown bats in the U.S. Northeast, there may finally be a light at the end of the tunnel. A new study from Vermont suggests up to 96 percent of little brown bats survived last winter's hibernation in Aeolus Cave, a major bat hangout that has been riddled with white-nose syndrome (WNS) since 2008. First reported by the Associated Press, this is at least the third known case of WNS seemingly losing its grip on a bat colony. Two caves in New York have shown similar hints of recovery, and biologists in Vermont also recently found the rate of that state's bat die-off may be slowing down . The Aeolus Cave researchers radio-tagged 442 little brown bats before hibernation began last fall, then installed equipment to record how many tagged ...
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Increasing the Fragmentation of Natural Landscapes May Help Spread Disease 12.6.2014 Wired Top Stories
The modern natural world is an increasingly fragmented one, with islands of ecological integrity isolated in vast sprawls of human development. An environment arranged such a fashion, suggests a new study, may inadvertently fuel the spread of ...
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Fungus that causes deadly bat disease found for 1st time in Mississippi; no disease yet 12.6.2014 Star Tribune: Nation
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