User: flenvcenter Topic: Biodiversity-Independent
Category: Specific Organisms :: Plants
Last updated: Feb 02 2015 24:37 IST RSS 2.0
 
1 to 20 of 1,276    
Losing our ocean life? 1.2.2015 The Earth Times Online Newspaper - Environment News
The damage afforded by our emissions on changing the climate are compounded by large-scale pollution of the oceans and overfishing as if they are going out of fashion. And they are! The realisation here is that we are going to lose many more marine plants and animals than we thought, unless the stress of conservation shifts to less-known animals and plants.
Also found in: [+]
Oregon Snowpack At Miserable Lows As State Stares Climate Change 'Right In The Eye' 30.1.2015 Green on HuffingtonPost.com
GRANTS PASS, Ore. (AP) — Oregon's mountain snowpack, vital for farms, fish and ski resorts, is in the midst of another miserable year, posting record low depths despite normal precipitation. The reason is persistent warm weather, which is turning into the new normal as the climate heats up. "We are really kind of staring climate change right in the eye right now," said Kathie Dello, associated director of the Oregon Climate Change Institute at Oregon State University. While there will still be plentiful snowpacks in some years, overall the trend is for them to decline as average temperatures continue to rise, she said. "Last year we had a bad fire season, and that is in part due to the lack of snow," which left the ground bare, and prone to dry out, she added. Snow that builds up in the mountains serves as a natural reservoir, feeding streams and replenishing groundwater as it melts. Natural Resources Conservation Service hydrologist Julie Koeberle says there is time for things to improve, but ...
Also found in: [+]
Record Sea Lion Pup Strandings Reported In Southern California 29.1.2015 Green on HuffingtonPost.com
By Marty Graham SAN DIEGO, Jan 28 (Reuters) - California sea lions - mainly pups - are turning up stranded and starved on Southern California beaches in record numbers this year, leaving experts worried that this winter may be the worst season ever documented for the marine mammals. The precise cause is not clear, but scientists believe the sea lions are suffering from a scarcity of natural prey that forces nursing mothers to venture farther out to sea for food, leaving their young behind for longer periods of time. Experts theorize that this winter's mild El Nino effect, which alters ocean currents and temperatures, may be compounding the shortage of fish that sea lions rely on for food, said Keith Matassa, executive director of the nonprofit Pacific Marine Mammal Center in Laguna Beach. That group's pup rescues for the month are already running 20 percent above the same period in 2013, when the National Marine Fisheries Service declared an "unusual mortality event" in which five times the ...
Also found in: [+]
Rare Sierra Nevada Red Fox Caught On Camera In Yosemite National Park 29.1.2015 Green on HuffingtonPost.com
One of the rarest mammals in North America, the Sierra Nevada red fox , was recently caught on camera twice inside Yosemite National Park. The two sightings on remote wildlife cameras, on Dec. 13, 2014 and Jan. 4 of this year, mark the first time the Vulpes vulpes necator has been seen inside the park in nearly a century, the National Park Service said in a news release. The animal, a subspecies of the red fox that's native to the Sierra Nevada mountains, is so rare that no one is certain just how many are left. They are solitary creatures, nocturnal, do not travel in groups and avoid people, making them even harder to track and study. However, it's believed the total population is less than 50. “ We are thrilled to hear about the sighting of the Sierra Nevada red fox , one of the most rare and elusive animals in the Sierra Nevada,” Yosemite National Park superintendent Don Neubacher said in a news release. “National parks like Yosemite provide habitat for all wildlife and it is encouraging to see that ...
Also found in: [+]
Revealed: Asteroid That Killed the Dinosaurs Boiled Earth's Atmosphere 28.1.2015 Truthout - All Articles
The asteroid that wiped out the dinosaurs set off an intense heat wave that briefly boiled the Earth’s atmosphere – but it didn’t burn off all the plants. Humanity has not been unlucky enough to observe at first hand the effects of a large impact, so to investigate whether a massive asteroid would spark off a global wildfire we had to turn to the laboratory. We have modelled, for the first time, the heat generated by the impact and what it meant for the planet’s plants. Our  research  is published in the Journal of the Geological Society. This all happened 65m years ago at the end of the Cretaceous period, when dinosaurs still roamed the earth. Suddenly, between 60 and 80% of all living species became extinct. Until the 1980s, this catastrophic loss of life was a mystery, but then scientists found a clue – traces of the element iridium in rocks of this age. Iridium generally falls to Earth with extraterrestrial objects. This suggested a massive asteroid collided with the planet and that this could be ...
Also found in: [+]
Hatching Giants on Galapagos! 27.1.2015 The Earth Times Online Newspaper - Health News
The Galapagos tortoise is, along with one or two other island species, precious and almost mythical in its great size and long life. Now, we at last, we are conserving these interesting creatures properly, instead of letting them slowly die out, like Lonely George!
Also found in: [+]
Monarch Numbers Up Slightly, But Butterfly Still at Risk of Extinction 27.1.2015 Commondreams.org Newswire
Also found in: [+]
Beetle vs. Bird: Expert Panel Weighs in on Biocontrol of Invasive Tamarisk Trees 27.1.2015 Green on HuffingtonPost.com
What do you do when a problem is also a solution? Such is the case with exotic tamarisk (a.k.a., Tamarix spp., saltcedar), criticized for its ability to take over riverbanks, salinize soil, increase fire risk, and trap river sediments, among other ills. Tamarisk was introduced to the Western U.S. from Eurasia in the late 1800s, and over the next 50 years it was widely planted as a fast-growing, drought-resistant ornamental and riverbank stabilizer. However, the negative impacts of the tree were increasingly evident, leading to the passage of a national bill to address the issue. Among the actions taken to reduce tamarisk populations was the development of a biological control agent, the tamarisk leaf beetle (Diorhabda spp.), which eats the leaves in both its adult and larval (pictured above) stages. It was released in 2003 and currently is rapidly spreading, leaving a sea of defoliated tamarisk in its wake. Except there was a problem, and not the one you might expect. Most aspects of the beetle release ...
Also found in: [+]
Exeter University study casts doubt on theory of dinosaur extinction 22.1.2015 Environmental News Network
Pioneering new research has debunked the theory that the asteroid that is thought to have led to the extinction of dinosaurs also caused vast global firestorms that ravaged planet Earth.A team of researchers from the University of Exeter, University of Edinburgh and Imperial College London recreated the immense energy released from an extra-terrestrial collision with Earth that occurred around the time that dinosaurs became extinct. They found that the intense but short-lived heat near the impact site could not have ignited live plants, challenging the idea that the impact led to global firestorms. These firestorms have previously been considered a major contender in the puzzle to find out what caused the mass extinction of life on Earth 65 million years ago.
Also found in: [+]
40 Years Ago the World 'Discovered' Mexico's Monarch Habitat -- Today Its Survival Is at Stake 21.1.2015 Politics on HuffingtonPost.com
MEXICO CITY -- Forty years ago the winter habitat of the monarch butterfly in Mexico was supposedly discovered. After searching for decades, on January 9, 1975 the Canadian scientist Fred A. Urquhart, an entomologist at the University of Toronto's Scarborough College, received a phone call from an American living in Mexico City named Kenneth Brugger , married at the time to Mexican-born Cathy Aguado (known today as Catalina Trail), who told him that "We have located the colony. We have found them -- millions of monarchs -- in evergreens beside a mountain clearing." The "discovery" had taken place a week earlier in northern Michoacan, in an oyamel forest on Cerro Pelon, 10,000 feet up in the mountains of Mexico's Transvolcanic Belt , and a few days later the Bruggers happened upon other monarch roosts at El Rosario and Chincua. The Bruggers were volunteer " research associates " in Urquhart's longstanding monarch tagging program, in which tiny labels reading " Send to Zoology University Toronto Canada " ...
Also found in: [+]
A Horseback Account of America's Vanishing Prairie 17.1.2015 Green on HuffingtonPost.com
I peered through my mule's ears at a copper-coated bison squaring off with me in a remote corner of Northeastern Montana, and shortened my reins. Two weeks into a 3-month expedition to document the changing Great Plains landscape, this was our first bison. I swiveled around in my saddle to ask my partner if we had come a little too close for comfort. The enormous creature stood next to the only gate for miles. Not wanting to backtrack and traverse the prairie by night, I threw caution to the wind. With one eye on the bull, I jumped down, swung the gate wide, and shuffled our pack string through. The bull snorted, then slowly pivoted and ambled away. As the sun nestled into the horizon, we watched him disappear over the lip of the nearest hill. Next to the dried up creek bed where we pitched camp that night, the primordial grunts of a bison herd in rut floated across the sage brush steppe into our tent. 150 years ago, experiences like these would have been so commonplace as to border on the mundane. Bison ...
Also found in: [+]
The CEO Interview: Chad Nelsen, Surfrider Foundation 16.1.2015 Green on HuffingtonPost.com
Sunshine, soft sand beneath your feet, the squeals of children splashing in waves -- these are the memories of summer vacations. Chad Nelsen wants your children's children to have these memories too. As the newly appointed CEO of the Surfrider Foundation, one of the nation's largest grass roots environmental organizations, Nelsen has a formidable task in front of him. Coastal development, beach erosion and wastewater runoff are just a few of the environmental challenges threatening both public access to beaches and the health of the ocean -- issues that are at the heart of Surfrider's mission. Nelsen's outdoor ruggedness, with the glow of a surfer straight out of central casting -- belie his intelligence. He has a degree from Duke University's Nicholas School of the Environment and an environmental science doctorate from UCLA. I wondered what the challenges of leading such a large grass-roots organization were and Nelsen said, "It's to find a way to organize and coalesce a multitude of local issues into ...
Also found in: [+]
2 Endangered Cotton-Top Tamarin Monkeys Freeze To Death At Louisiana Zoo 14.1.2015 Green on HuffingtonPost.com
By Jonathan Kaminsky NEW ORLEANS, Jan 14 (Reuters) - Two monkeys belonging to a species that is critically endangered died at a Louisiana zoo after they were left out overnight in the cold by a caretaker, officials said on Wednesday. The cotton-top Tamarins, weighing less than a pound and distinguishable by their shock of white hair, were among three that were kept outside overnight last week in temperatures that dipped into the 30s Fahrenheit at the Alexandria Zoo in central Louisiana. One of the monkeys survived, officials with the city of Alexandria, which owns the zoo, said. "This is a tragedy," zoo director Lee Ann Whitt said in a statement. The zoo keeper who was responsible for the monkeys on the night in question has resigned after being placed on administrative leave, and an investigation into the incident is ongoing, said David Gill, the city's public works director. "This appears to have happened as a result of human error and not a system problem," Gill said in a statement. The ...
Also found in: [+]
Climate Change Threatens Quechua and Their Crops in Peru's Andes 3.1.2015 Truthout - All Articles
Quechua Indian women bargain and sell vegetables. (Photo: Global Water Partnership ) Pisac, Peru - In this town in Peru's highlands over 3,000 metres above sea level, in the mountains surrounding the Sacred Valley of the Incas, the Quechua Indians who have lived here since time immemorial are worried about threats to their potato crops from alterations in rainfall patterns and temperatures. "The families' food security is definitely at risk," agricultural technician Lino Loayza told IPS. "The rainy season started in September, and the fields should be green, but it has only rained two or three days, and we're really worried about the effects of the heat." If the drought stretches on, as expected, "we won't have a good harvest next year," said Loayza, who is head of the Parque de la Papa or Potato Park, a biocultural conservation unit created to safeguard native crops in the rural municipality of Pisac in the southeastern department or region of Cuzco. In the Parque de la Papa, which is at an altitude of ...
Also found in: [+]
Another Record Year For Rhino Slayings After More Than 1,000 Killed In 2014 2.1.2015 Green on HuffingtonPost.com
By Ed Stoddard JOHANNESBURG, Jan 2 (Reuters) - South Africa lost a record number of rhinos in 2014 as big animals across Africa were relentlessly poached to meet rising demand for horn and ivory in newly affluent Asian countries or to provide meat to fighters in the bush. From South Sudan, where conservationists say elephants are being slain by both government forces and rebels, to South Africa, where more than three rhinos are poached every day, there is an arc of illegal animal slaughter across the region. South Africa is the center of the rhino crisis as it is home to close to 20,000, or over 90 percent, of the world's population of the animals. Government figures for 2014 show that by mid-November 1,020 of the animals had been killed for their horns. That tops the previous record of 1,004 from 2013 and experts say it will probably hit at least 1,200, an almost four-fold increase over 2010, when 333 were killed. Pelham Jones, chairman of the Private Rhino Owners Association, told Reuters ...
Also found in: [+]
Famed Gray Wolf Possibly Killed In Utah 31.12.2014 Green on HuffingtonPost.com
By Laura Zuckerman Dec 30 (Reuters) - A gray wolf killed by a Utah hunter may have been "Echo," a female who attracted national attention after wandering through several states to become the first of the protected animals seen at Arizona's Grand Canyon in 70 years, officials said on Tuesday. The hunter, who was not named by authorities, told Utah wildlife officers on Sunday that he accidentally shot and killed a wolf equipped with a radio collar near the Arizona border after mistaking it for a coyote. Wolves in Utah are protected under the U.S. Endangered Species Act, which bans killing of imperiled animals without a special permit, but coyotes in the state are allowed to be shot on sight. The incident, which is coming under sharp criticism by conservationists, is being investigated by federal and state conservation officers as a possible violation of U.S. and Utah wildlife laws, authorities said. Information gleaned from the radio collar shows the wolf killed in Utah was a 3-year-old ...
Also found in: [+]
Chinese Man Jailed For 13 Years After Eating Three Tigers 31.12.2014 Green on HuffingtonPost.com
BEIJING, Dec 31 (Reuters) - A Chinese man has been jailed for 13 years for buying and eating endangered tigers and making wine made out of their blood, state media reported. The man, identified as a rich businessmen surnamed Xu, organized three trips to the southern province of Guangdong last year to buy the tigers, which he then transported to his home region of Guangxi, Xinhua news agency said late on Tuesday. Xu and his accomplices witnessed the killing of three tigers in three deals with the sellers, one of which was killed by an electric shock, the report said. Xu and his friends ate the tiger meat and he was reported to have said: "If anyone asks, say it is beef, horse or big cat meat," Xinhua reported. Xu was arrested after one of his deals was recorded by someone nearby who reported it to the police. The report did not say where the tigers came from, only that they were suspected of being smuggled into the country. Xu was originally sentenced in April and then appealed, but this week ...
Also found in: [+]
Climate Change Threatens Quechua and Their Crops in Peru’s Andes 30.12.2014 CommonDreams.org Headlines
Also found in: [+]
The Monarch Butterfly May Soon Be Protected By The U.S. Endangered Species Act 30.12.2014 Green on HuffingtonPost.com
By Laura Zuckerman (Reuters) - Monarch butterflies may warrant U.S. Endangered Species Act protection because of farm-related habitat loss blamed for sharp declines in cross-country migrations of the orange-and-black insects, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service said on Monday. Monarch populations are estimated to have fallen by as much as 90 percent during the past two decades because of destruction of milkweed plants they depend on to lay their eggs and nourish hatching larvae, according to the Xerces Society for Invertebrate Conservation. The loss of the plant is tied to factors such as increased cultivation of crops genetically engineered to withstand herbicides that kill native vegetation, including milkweed, the conservation group says. Monarchs, unique among butterflies for the regularity and breadth of their annual migration, are also threatened by widespread pesticide use and logging of mountain forests in central Mexico and coastal California where some of them winter, said biologist Karen ...
Also found in: [+]
Members Of Congress Request Review Of Animal Research At NIH Lab 25.12.2014 Green on HuffingtonPost.com
By Bridgett Novak (Reuters Health) - Animal research practices at a National Institutes of Health (NIH) facility in Poolesville, Maryland are being challenged by four members of Congress, who have asked the NIH director to commission a bioethical review of experiments being conducted on monkeys at the lab. For the past 30 years, the Laboratory of Comparative Ethology, which is run by the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD), has conducted maternal deprivation experiments on hundreds of infant macaques that are bred to carry different versions of genes known to be risk factors for mental illnesses in humans. Starting soon after birth, the baby monkeys are reportedly subjected to fear, stress, and pain-inducing tests; half are separated from their mothers to assess the effects of maternal deprivation. In a December 22 letter to NIH Director Francis Collins, the representatives - Lucille Roybal-Allard (D-CA), Dina Titus (D-NV), Sam Farr (D-CA) ...
Also found in: [+]
1 to 20 of 1,276