User: flenvcenter Topic: Air and Climate-Independent
Category: Climate Change :: Climate Change Impacts
Last updated: May 20 2015 18:40 IST RSS 2.0
 
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Women and Biodiversity Feed the World, Not Corporations and GMOs 20.5.2015 Commondreams.org Views
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US Exposure to Extreme Heat is on the Rise 19.5.2015 Environmental News Network
U.S. residents' exposure to extreme heat could increase four- to six-fold by mid-century, due to both a warming climate and a population that's growing especially fast in the hottest regions of the country, according to new research. The study, by researchers at the National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR) and the City University of New York (CUNY), highlights the importance of considering societal changes when trying to determine future climate impacts.
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Texas Governor Prohibits Cities And Towns From Banning Fracking 19.5.2015 Politics on HuffingtonPost.com
HOUSTON May 18 (Reuters) - Texas Governor Greg Abbott on Monday signed a bill into law that prohibits cities and towns from banning an oil drilling practice known as hydraulic fracking, giving the state sole authority over oil and gas regulation. Lawmakers in Texas, a state that is home to the two of the most productive U.S. shale oil fields, have been under pressure to halt an anti-fracking movement since November, when voters in the town of Denton voted to ban the oil and gas extraction technique. "This law ensures that Texas avoids a patchwork quilt of regulations that differ from region to region, differ from county to county or city to city," Abbott, a Republican, said in a statement. In fracking, a mixture of pressurized water, sand and chemicals is directed at rock to unlock oil and natural gas. Operators say it is safe because, but many environmental groups oppose the practice, calling it wasteful, polluting, dirty and noisy. Fracking was pioneered at the Barnett shale natural gas formation in ...
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Climate Change This Week: CO2 Passes 400 ppm, President Can Act, and More! 19.5.2015 Green on HuffingtonPost.com
Today, the Earth got a little hotter, and a little more crowded. @@ Global Warming Carbon Dioxide Levels Tick Past 400 ppm Reversing CO2 levels will take an unprecedented worldwide effort, say NOAA researchers. New Global Milestone: CO2 Levels Now Pass 400 ppm reports Doyle Rice at USA Today and reports Brian Kahn at Climate Central, with March 2015 being the first month when levels of this main driver of global warming averaged above 400 ppm since the 1880s. During that time, Earth has heated up 1.6 F degrees. What Does This Mean for Life on Earth? @@ Climate Change Could Extinguish 16% of Wildlife - and many of us, too, through more catastrophic storms and droughts. Remember all this next time you vote for your leaders! * * OO The Next President Can Hugely Impact Climate Policy - Even Without Congress via using the EPA to regulate pollution, eg, from fossil fuels, that endangers public health. * * Want to Stop Fracking? Go here to find out what you can do for your state. Peoplare fighting ...
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Bird populations responding to climate change 16.5.2015 Environmental News Network
With puzzling variability, vast numbers of birds from Canada’s boreal forests migrate hundreds or thousands of miles south from their usual winter range. These so-called irruptions were first noticed by birdwatchers decades ago, but the driving factors have never been fully explained. Now scientists have pinpointed the climate pattern that likely sets the stage for irruptions – a discovery that could make it possible to predict the events more than a year in advance.The researchers found that persistent shifts in rainfall and temperature drive boom-and-bust cycles in forest seed production, which in turn drive the mass migrations of pine siskins, the most widespread and visible of the irruptive migrants. “It’s a chain reaction from climate to seeds to birds,” says atmospheric scientist Court Strong, an assistant professor at the University of Utah and lead author of the ...
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"Irresponsible & Reckless": Environmentalists Decry Obama's Approval for Shell Drilling in Arctic 14.5.2015 Democracy Now!
The Obama administration has tentatively approved Shell's plans to begin oil extraction off the Alaskan coast this summer. Federal scientists estimate the Arctic region contains up to 15 billion barrels of oil, and Shell has long fought to drill in the icy waters of the Chukchi Sea. Environmentalists warn Arctic drilling will pose a risk to local wildlife and exacerbate climate change. They fear that a drilling accident in the icy Arctic Ocean waters could prove far more devastating than the deadly 2010 Gulf of Mexico spill since any rescue operations could be delayed for months by harsh weather conditions. We speak to Subhankar Banerjee. He is a renowned photographer, writer and activist who has spent the past 15 years working for the conservation of the Arctic and raising awareness about indigenous human rights and climate change. He is editor of the anthology, "Arctic Voices: Resistance at the Tipping Point."
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GOP Works to Defund Studies So They Can Deny Climate Change 14.5.2015 Politics on HuffingtonPost.com
Rather than address or even face the impending issues surrounding climate change, the GOP has chosen instead to stick their fingers in their ears. Not only do they want to simply ignore the problem, but they are trying to make it difficult for the rest of us to even know that it exists. Last week, the House Science, Space, and Technology Committee, headed by Texas Republican Lamar Smith, approved a bill that would slash at least three hundred million dollars from NASA's earth-science budget. As Representative Eddie Bernice Johnson, a Democrat from Texas pointed out, " Earth science, of course, includes climate science ." Lamar Smith claims that the White House's NASA budget request favored the earth sciences "at the expense of the other science divisions and human and robotic space exploration." That actually makes perfect sense considering that the impending looming disaster might need to be examined a little more closely. You may very well want to increase funding into that area.  It's like saying ...
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Freeman Dyson Offers up a Smorgasbord of Climate Change Misconceptions 14.5.2015 Green on HuffingtonPost.com
To say that Freeman Dyson is a highly respected scientist is an understatement. Over his 91 years, he has made seminal discoveries in mathematics and physics;written evocatively (and provocatively) on what it means to be a scientist, the role of science in society, and the culture of science; shared the fruits of his imagination about possible future discoveries and their implications for humanity; and generally offered up one fresh and unexpected view after another on topics from space travel to genetic engineering and beyond. By all accounts, he's a modest and funny man, a loving husband and father, and a continued source of inspiration to his colleagues at the Princeton Institute for Advanced Studies. However, since 2007, he's been purporting to be the voice of "moderation" on the topic of climate change . Casting himself in the role of objective, outside observer, he has declared that climate scientists are caught up in their own hype, in love with their own models, and distracting society from ills ...
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Cheeseburgers, Climate Change and the California Drought 13.5.2015 Politics on HuffingtonPost.com
Here in California, the record-breaking, headline-making drought is always on our minds. A NASA scientist warns that we may have just one year's worth of water left, and Governor Jerry Brown has urged us all to cut our showers short and let our lawns go brown. But the governor's plea won't solve California's water woes -- nor will it address the underlying cause of the crisis. When the commercial and residential sectors are responsible for a mere 20 percent of the state's water use, shorter showers will offer barely more than a drop in the near-empty bucket. The real culprit is not the water wastage in our bathtubs and fountains, or even on our golf courses -- it's on our plates. Agriculture accounts for 80 percent of California's water consumption, and animal agriculture and feed crop production comprise the vast majority of that use, making them by far the biggest water guzzlers in the state. This is true nationally as well; agriculture accounts for between 80 and 90 percent of the fresh water used in ...
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Climate Change: Notley's Unexpected Ally in Growth 12.5.2015 Green on HuffingtonPost.com
If Alberta premier-designate Rachel Notley is looking to wean her province's economy from its oil addiction, she may find that climate change, ironically enough, turns into an unexpected ally. The Prairies, once hailed as the breadbasket of the world, could find that description gain renewed currency in the years to come. With climate change set to bring about profound changes to global food production, Canada may come to find itself in something of an unforeseen sweet spot. While the Prairies are a major grain producer, crop production is nevertheless limited by the short growing season that comes with Canada's northern latitude. Turn the thermostat up, however, and the region's agricultural potential begins to look different. And make no mistake--the temperature is going up. Scientists at NASA, for one, identify the Prairies as a climate change hot spot where temperatures will rise by more than the global average. Indeed, the predicted warming has already started. Average temperatures are up 1.6 ...
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Climate Change This Week: Cloudy Problems, Solar Charity, and More! 12.5.2015 Green on HuffingtonPost.com
Today, the Earth got a little hotter, and a little more crowded. @@ What Climate Change Looks Like: Beware The Blob - of warm air off the Pacific coast, that is - the blob that keeps diverting storms away from California, creating the worst drought in over 1,000 years, according to a recent tree ring study. Droughts aren't new - it's the extreme persistence and intensity that is. That's exactly what is predicted to happen under Climate Change. Check this out! * * Wikipedia OO Overlooked Evidence - Global Warming May Proceed Faster Than Expected due to its influence on clouds which could reinforce the warming, new studies indicate. * * OO Solar Panels For Trees? Kenya Barters To Rebuild Its Forests offering chickens, goats or solar panels in exchange for tree planting. OO California's Drought Could Upend America's Entire Food System California's farmers literally feed the country. OO Drought-Parched Lake Mead Could Leave Seven States High And Dry Related Headline: OO Pacific Northwest's 'Wet Drought': ...
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Why Climate Engineering Won't Work 8.5.2015 Green on HuffingtonPost.com
From the California drought to the Vanuatu typhoon, weather extremes are increasingly hard to ignore and global warming is going to worsen our situation. Hence climate-engineering is the big temptation of our times: if there's too much heat on the planet, let's block some sunlight and continue business as usual. There's just one problem: it won't work. Fundamental physics tells us that the place where warming is greatest, in the Arctic, reflecting sunlight back into space has the smallest cooling effect. And it's the Arctic that is crucial for US and European weather systems. In order to counter global warming, several techniques to reflect sunlight back into space have been suggested. The only one that is simple and cheap enough to be seriously discussed at the moment was put forward by Paul Crutzen, awardee of the Nobel Prize for advancing our understanding of the stratospheric chemistry to the ozone layer. He suggested to inject tiny particles - sulphate aerosols, to be specific - into the ...
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10 Leaders Who Are Reshaping The Environmental Movement 8.5.2015 Politics on HuffingtonPost.com
Environmentalism has changed quite a bit in the last 10 years. From the emergence of climate change as the catalyzing issue of the 21st century to fights over the Keystone XL pipeline to the growing diversity of green groups, the environmental movement of today hardly looks like the one of yesterday. Here are 10 leaders who are reshaping our ideas about what it means to fight for the environment today, and who are worth watching in the future: May Boeve, executive director of 350.org If you've heard about the Keystone XL pipeline, it's probably because of May Boeve and 350.org. The group started when Boeve and her co-founders were still undergraduates at Middlebury College in Vermont, and has matured into a formidable force in the environmental movement. They've led a worldwide day of action around climate change, jumpstarted the campus fossil fuel divestment movement and organized protests outside the White House to put pressure on the Obama administration to veto the Keystone XL pipeline. Now 31, Boeve ...
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California Resident Poll Expresses Wide Concern Over Drought 7.5.2015 Environmental News Network
A recent Care2 poll has found that slightly over 90 percent of respondents express major concern over the current drought engulfing the state, despite the fact that only 60 percent of respondents consider themselves strong environmentalists. Fewer than 1 percent expressed no concern about the drought. Nearly 75 percent of respondents cited fears about the fate of wildlife. Concern for humans came in second at 71 percent and agriculture at 61 percent.
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"Living shoreline" can enhance coastal resilience 4.5.2015 Climate Change News - ENN
The resilience of U.S. coastal communities to storms, flooding, erosion and other threats can be strengthened when they are protected by natural infrastructure such as marshes, reefs, and beaches, or with hybrid approaches, such as a “living shoreline” — a combination of natural habitat and built infrastructure, according to a new NOAA study.
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Anti-Science GOP 'Eviscerates' NASA Spending on Climate Change Research 2.5.2015 CommonDreams.org Headlines
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Fixing The Climate Innovation Gap 2.5.2015 Green on HuffingtonPost.com
The modern research university was conceived in 19th century Germany by Wilhelm von Humboldt to advance higher education from basic knowledge acquisition toward the higher ideal of knowledge generation. By combining teaching and research by placing students in labs alongside their professors, this new model fostered academic freedom and research innovation. It also provided a steady stream of young, creative, and motivated scientists. Universities worldwide quickly adopted this model and this built the brain trust that launched the industrial revolution. Most of the U.S. economic growth after World War II was developed through U.S. federal government investment in novel and innovative research in the science and engineering halls of major universities. This public-private partnership spawned the creation of entirely new industrial sectors -- biotech, semiconductor, Internet -- that are cornerstones of our modern economy. There is concern that this leadership, and the economic buoyancy it has provided, is ...
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As Planet Warms, One in Six Species Face Total Extinction: Study 1.5.2015 CommonDreams.org Headlines
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GOP Rep.'s Incorrect Climate Change Claims Examined 1.5.2015 Green on HuffingtonPost.com
The following post first appeared on FactCheck.org . Rep. Lamar Smith made several incorrect claims in a Wall Street Journal opinion piece regarding connections between climate change and severe weather. Smith wrote that a connection between worsening storms and climate change has been “widely debunked,” and that the United Nations doesn’t believe that warming is related to “more severe weather disasters.” Both claims are incorrect. There is some evidence linking climate change to worsening hurricanes, droughts and other disasters. He mentioned an oft-repeated claim that there has been a “lack of global warming over the past 15 years.” Though the rate of warming has slowed, the world does indeed continue to warm, and cherry-picked data underlie the claims that warming has stopped. Smith quoted an InterAcademy Council report as saying the U.N.’s climate reports had “significant shortcomings in each major step” of the U.N.’s assessment process. That’s misleading. The report found that though there is ...
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Climate Equality: Women on the Front Lines 30.4.2015 Green on HuffingtonPost.com
You won't find many climate deniers in the remote mountainous villages of Nepal where melting glaciers and unpredictable rain has made subsistence living increasingly precarious. You won't find climate deniers amongst the Carteret Islanders (in Papua New Guinea) who became environmental refugees where the rising tides and increasing storm surges swallowed their homes. Nor will you find climate deniers amongst the Sundarban in Bangladesh , where rising sea water makes it impossible to grow food in the saline soils. Nor are the survivors of frequent storm surges and typhoons in the Philippines and Vietnam likely to deny climate change. For these communities, and for much of the world, the question is not whether climate change is happening: it's whether it's possible to survive it. Perversely, communities that have contributed almost nothing to global emissions are those most affected and threatened by climate change. The USA, for example, emits 176 times more carbon per person than Nepal . Women in these ...
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